Lineage (NCBI): root » Eukaryota » Opisthokonta » Metazoa » Bilateria » Coelomata » Deuterostomia » Craniata <chordata> » Gnathostomata <vertebrate> » Euteleostomi » Mammalia » Theria <Mammalia>
Theria Look for this name in NCBI Wikipedia Animal Diversity Web
http://palaeo-electronica.org/content/fc-1 Benton et al. 2015
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The Daxigou site of the Tiaojishan Formation, Liaoning Province, Northeastern China, source of Juramaia, has been constrained by radiometric dates to derive from deposits of just over 160 Ma in age, equivalent to the Oxfordian stage of the Late Jurassic (Luo et al., 2011). This stage has a minimum bound of 157.3 Ma ± 1.0 Myr, or 156.3 Ma (Gradstein et al., 2012), the minimum age constraint for the eutherian-metatherian split.
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An alternative view (Woodburne et al., 2003) places southern tribosphenic taxa (see above) on the stem to Theria, pushing the minimum age for crown Theria deeper into the Jurassic, in order to include such taxa as Ambondro (Flynn et al., 1999). Given the possibility that southern, tribosphenic mammals such as Ambondro are therian (even eutherian), we would set the soft maximum age constraint for Theria within the Jurassic (Bathonian) at 168.3 Ma ± 1.3 Myr, so 169.6 Ma.
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The human-opossum branching point is synonymous with the split of marsupials and placentals, encompassing the clade Theria and containing (respectively) the metatherian and eutherian stem members of each group. Juramaia is known from a skull and front half of the skeleton that show it is therian (Luo et al., 2011). The molars are tribosphenic, so the fossil is assigned to Boreosphenida, and it shows diagnostic characters of Eutheria in the distinctive paraconule, incipient metaconule (M2 only), long preprotocrista past the paracone, and long postprotocrista past the metacone. The forelimb shows evidence for climbing in the grasping hand, a feature shared in common with other early therians.
Luo, Z.X., Yuan, C.X., Meng, Q.J., and Ji, Q. 2011. A Jurassic eutherian mammal and divergence of marsupials and placentals. Nature, 476:442-445.
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