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Neornithes Look for this name in NCBI Wikipedia Animal Diversity Web
http://palaeo-electronica.org/content/fc-1 Benton et al. 2015
node minimum age |
Lithostratigraphic unit K3 of Vega Island, Antarctica, dated as mid- to late Maastrichtian, ~68–66 Ma (Clarke et al., 2005). This quoted age range is based on biostratigraphic and field evidence for age (Pirrie et al., 1997), and a radiometric date of 71.0 Ma from an underlying rock unit.
node maximum age |
The soft maximum constraint is based on older bird-bearing deposits that match some at least of the facies represented in the late Maastrichtian, which are broadly from the shallow marine to coastal belt, namely the Niobrara Chalk Formation of Kansas and neighboring states, dated as Santonian (86.3–83.6 Ma ± 0.5 Myr), and so 86.8 Ma.
|primary fossil used to date this node|
Vegavis iaai is identified as a galloanserine, a neognath, and a neornithine on the basis of phylogenetic analysis (Clarke et al., 2005). It shows twenty synapomorphies that place it successively within Ornithurae (e.g., at least ten sacral vertebrae, domed humeral head, patellar groove present), Neornithes (e.g., at least 15 sacral vertebrae, anteriorly deflected humeral deltopectoral crest), Neognathae, Anseriformes (diminutive pectineal process on pelvis, hypotarsus with well developed cristae and sulci), and Anatoidea (e.g., lack of sternal pneumatic foramen, apneumatic coracoid).
Clarke, J.A., Tambussi, C.P., Noriega, J.I., Erickson, G.M., and Ketcham, R.A. 2005. Deﬁnitive fossil evidence for the extant avian radiation in the Cretaceous. Nature, 433:305–308.
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