Lineage (NCBI): root » Eukaryota » Opisthokonta » Metazoa » Eumetazoa » Bilateria » Coelomata » Deuterostomia
Ambulacraria Look for this name in NCBI Wikipedia Animal Diversity Web
http://palaeo-electronica.org/content/fc-1 Benton et al. 2015
node minimum age |
The columnals were recovered from the Micmacca Breccia which encompasses the upper part of the Cephalopyge notabilis. Biozone, the Ornamentaspis frequens Biozone and, perhaps, the lower part of the Kymataspis arenosa Biozone (Geyer and Landing, 1995; Clausen and Smith, 2008). These records are effectively contemporaneous fragments of stereom that occur globally within the middle Atdabanian (= Age 3, Series 3 of GTS2012) Nevadella anabara Biozone (Kouchinsky et al., 2012; Zamora et al., 2013). This can be constrained by the latest Atdabanian date of 517.0 Ma ± 1.5 Myr from a section in Morocco (Adam C. Maloof et al. 2, 2010).
node maximum age |
A soft maximum constraint is based on the maximum age interpretation of the Lantian Biota (Yuan et al., 2011). This, together with the Doushantuo Biota (Yuan et al., 2002), provides a series of Lagerstätten preserving the biota in Orsten- and Burgess Shale-like modes of fossilization. None of these Lagerstätten, least of all the Lantian, preserves anything that could possibly be interpreted as even a total group eumetazoan and on this basis we define out soft maximum constraint at 635.5 Ma ± 0.6 Myr (Condon et al., 2005) and, thus, 636.1 Ma.
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The columnals exhibit a characteristic morphology and, more critically, a stereom structure is a characteristic of the echinoderm total group, acquired early in the stem-lineage (Swalla and Smith, 2008).
Swalla, B.J. and Smith, A.B. 2008. Deciphering deuterostome phylogeny: molecular, morphological and palaeontological perspectives. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 363:1557-1568.
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