Lineage (NCBI): root » Eukaryota » Opisthokonta » Metazoa » Coelomata » Craniata <chordata> » Euteleostomi » Sauropsida » Coelurosauria » Aves » Pelecaniformes » Fregatidae
Hominoidea Look for this name in NCBI Wikipedia Animal Diversity Web
http://palaeo-electronica.org/content/fc-1 Benton et al. 2015
node minimum age |
The Chinji Formation of Pakistan corresponds to magnetic polarity chron 5Ar, estimated to be ca. 12 Ma before present (Kappelman et al., 1991). This correlates to the Serravallian stage, the top of which is at 11.6 Ma, our minimum estimate for the divergence of the orangutan from other great apes.
node maximum age |
As a soft maximum we suggest the first diverse occurrence of anthropoids from the earliest Oligocene of the Fayûm, Egypt. These primates comprise a diverse radiation just on the Oligocene side of the Eocene-Oligocene boundary at 33.9 Ma (Seiffert, 2006; Gradstein et al., 2012), and lack derived features of the extant great ape lineages.
|primary fossil used to date this node|
Sivapithecus is identified by phylogenetic analysis as a member of total-group Ponginae, a stem gibbon, and so nested within crown Hominoidea (Ward and Kimbel, 1983; Seiffert, 2006).
Seiffert, E.R. 2006. Revised age estimates for the later Paleogene mammal faunas of Egypt and Oman. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 103:5000-5005.
Ward, S.C. and Kimbel, W.H. 1983. Subnasal alveolar morphology and the systematic position of Sivapithecus. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 61:157-171.
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