Cepphus carbo - other Cepphus
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Cepphus carbo - other Cepphus Look for this name in NCBI Wikipedia Animal Diversity Web
http://palaeo-electronica.org/content/fc-4 Smith, 2015
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The vertebrate assemblages of the San Mateo Formation were reviewed by Barnes et al. (1981), who designated the lower assemblage the San Luis Rey River Local Fauna (SLRRLF), and the upper assemblage the Lawrence Canyon Local Fauna (LCLF). Based on biostratigraphic correlation of marine vertebrates and terrestrial mammals, the age of the younger LCLF has been proposed to be latest Miocene or earliest Pliocene (~5.0 Ma), and correlative with the Late Hemphillian North American Land Mammal Age (Domning and Deméré, 1984). Pan-Alcidae fossils, including the holotype humerus of Cepphus olsoni have been recovered from the older SLRRLF. Age estimates for the SLRRLF based upon terrestrial mammal and marine bird fossils range from approximately 6.7-10.0 Ma (Late Miocene or Tortonian-Messinian equivalent; Barnes et al., 1981; Domning and Deméré, 1984). Therefore, the minimum estimated age of 6.7 Ma is suggested as a minimum age of divergence for the split between Cepphus carbo and other extant species of Cepphus.
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The only phylogenetic assessment of the systematic position of Cepphus olsoni recovered it as the sister taxon of the extant species Cepphus carbo, with Cepphus grylle and Cepphus columba in unresolved positions at the base of Cepphus (combined analysis; Smith, 2011).
Smith, N. A. 2011a. Systematics and evolution of extinct and extant Pan-Alcidae (Aves, Charadriiformes): combined phylogenetic analyses, divergence estimation, and paleoclimatic interactions. PhD Dissertation. The University of Texas at Austin. 748pp
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